Vaccination is very very important for all the babies. They play a very important role in babies development and protect the child from a lot of illness. Lets try to understand what is Universal Immunization Programme of Govt of India and what is Age wise baby vaccination chart , baby vaccination schedule.
Baby Vaccination Schedule – Why is it needed?
A child our body’s immune system is not that well developed. The role of immune system to fight back disease causing germs. Hence vaccination helps the body in a way that the body starts developing immunity against those germs.
So vaccination of child is very important. The Vaccination Schedule table is given below which you can refer to.
What is Universal Immunization Programme ( UIP ) ?
Immunization Programme is one of the most important methods for protection of children from life threatening deseases.
Under the Universal Immunization Programme, Government of India provides vaccination to prevent seven vaccine preventable diseases. These are : Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Measles, severe form of Childhood Tuberculosis and Hepatitis B, Hiaemophilus influenza type b (Hib) and Diarrhea.
It is one of the key schemes under key areas under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)
UIP is one of the largest immunization programme in the world and a major public health intervention in the country.
Baby Vaccination Schedule table – Baby vaccination chart
Below is the immunization schedule table under UIP ( Universal Immunization Programme ) . Source for below table: National Health Mission
Baby Vaccination chart which is generally followed is as below. You should always check with your doctor on these. These vaccines are anyway given only after doctor has written for it. Under UIP these vaccines are avaiable in all govt hospitals.
|Vaccine||When to give||Dose||Route||Site|
|BCG||At birth or as early as possible till one year of age||0.1ml (0.05ml until 1 month of age)||Intra -dermal||Left Upper Arm|
|Hepatitis B Birth dose||At birth or as early as possible within 24 hours||0.5 ml||Intramuscular||Anterolateral side of mid thigh-LEFT|
|OPV Birth dose||At birth or as early as possible within the first 15 days||2 drops||Oral||–|
|OPV 1,2 & 3||At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks||2 drops||Oral||–|
|IPV (inactivated Polio Vaccine)||14 weeks||0.5 ml||Intramuscular||Anterolateral side of mid thigh-RIGHT|
|Pentavelant 1,2 & 3||At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks||0.5 ml||Intramuscular||Anterolateral side of mid thigh-LEFT|
|Rota Virus Vaccine||At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks||5 drops||Oral||–|
|Measles 1st Dose||9 completed months-12 months. (give up to 5 years if not received at 9-12 months age)||0.5 ml||Subcutaneous||Right Upper Arm|
|Vitamin A, 1st Dose||At 9 months with measles||1 ml (1 lakh IU)||Oral||–|
|DPT 1st booster||16-24 months||0.5 ml||Intramuscular||Anterolateral side of mid thigh-LEFT|
|OPV Booster||16-24 months||2 drops||Oral|
|Measles 2nd dose||16-24 Months||0.5 ml||Subcutaneous||Right Upper Arm|
|Vitamin A (2nd to 9th dose)||16 months with DPT/OPV booster, then, one dose every 6 month up to the age of 5 years)||2 ml (2 lakh IU)||Oral||–|
|DPT 2nd Booster||5-6 years||0.5 ml.||Intramuscular||Left Upper Arm|
|TT||10 years & 16 years||0.5 ml||Intramuscular||Upper Arm|
You can check below from India Academy Of Pediatrics website