Joint Family Vs Nuclear Family – Advantages and Disadvantages

joint family vs nuclear family

Joint Family Vs Nuclear Family: Family is the institution . It is the most important part of the life of an individual. This is where god chooses you to be born. Every person learns a lot from the family. There are two types of families: joint family and nuclear family.

Joint Family and Nuclear Family – Definition

A small family is a nuclear family having parents and their children only. While an extended family having parents their children, spouses of the children and further their children too is a joint family. Let us look at Joint Family Vs Nuclear Family.

Joint Family

Joint Family Vs Nuclear Family

Few significant points about a joint family are: 

  • Help: as there are many members in the family help can be extended by members to each other.
  • Unity: a joint family stands strong during tough times as they have emotional as well as financial support of each other. Tradition and culture are passed on from one generation 
  • Youngsters are well cared for: as there are many members so the kids get more love and care and also there is an adult around always to monitor them and take care of them. They get loads of love and care too.
  • Work sharing: the members of family share responsibilities and get can get some time off to have fun and relax.
  • Social insurance: for the widows and old age people there is always love and support for them in the joint family as all can share the responsibility.
  • Psychological well being: there is no feeling of depression or loneliness as you always have someone to share your feelings with.
  • Cost effective: since all the cost of the household is shared by all the members it is a stable household in financial terms as well. A sudden job loss of one member does not hurt the whole family and gives some buffer time.
  • Value: adjustment and compromise as well as sharing are some of the values that kids can learn by seeing in a joint family.
  • Functions: get-together are great fun as the number of guests also increases. Not just people to have fun with increases but also the number of people to share the work load increases.
  • Kids are confident as they are able to speak fluently in front of larger number of people.
  • Though there may be lack of privacy and many quarrels many happen. It is difficult to reach a decision at times due to many thoughts on the same topic.

Nuclear Family

Joint Family Vs Nuclear Family

Few points about a nuclear family: 

  • Freedom: as there is only a limited number of members you are more free to do as per your will without thinking what other family members may think. Democracy prevails in such a family.
  • Stronger bond: there is a stronger bond between parents and the siblings as they are aware of all the happenings in each other’s life. There is mutual respect and love.
  • Fewer restrictions: kids get more freedom as parents need to work and kids may be alone at home. The kids can go out on their own and make friends and spend time with them. They are allowed to go out for picnics and outings more frequently. 
  • Quick decisions: there are lesser quarrels and faster decision making. Everyone has a say in the discussion before the decision.
  • Gender equality: as both the parents share responsibility kids learn gender equality and respect for each other. They learn that sharing each other’s responsibility at times is good and there are no work described for any sex particularly. Like food can be made by daddy and mom can go out to work.
  • Lesser expenses: as there are only few members the parents can save for the future of their kids and also take out money for leisure activities.
  • More privacy: as there is lesser interference and more independence kids too become independent very soon. They learn to do their own work and also mind their own business, rather than poke nose in other’s work and life.
  • Financial support: generally nuclear families take loans to fulfil needs and a sudden loss of job may burden the house hold.
  • Loneliness: at times the members may feel depressed and lonely as everyone is busy with their own routine and seldom have time for others.
  • Difficult to handle kids: as mostly both the parents are working it becomes difficult to take care of the kids.
  • Elders are left alone: as kids grow up and start to earn they feel it is ok to leave parents and stay alone. This gives loneliness to elders and it is difficult for them to cope up.

Joint Family Vs Nuclear Family – Pros and Cons

There are pros and cons of both the family set up. In the joint family culture and tradition are taught more easily. Kids learn various values and sharing.

They learn to take up responsibilities and also care for others. They learn various cuisines and also learn more than one language. They learn social etiquettes and family values. But larger size is difficult to carry along.

For young kids who need time for studies; find it difficult to find space and calm to concentrate on studies. There are so many occasion going on every now and then that there is virtually no privacy and loads of guests at the home. 

But with urbanization taking place there are smaller homes and the need for both the parents to be working. Smaller families provide freedom to work at your own pace and also at times work from home without any interference. You need to do chores in small amounts giving more time for oneself.

A person can give time for personal fitness and tastes. You can make decoration and food according to your own taste. There are lesser quarrels and more peace in a nuclear family.

There is more value of money among kids as they get to spend pocket money. Personal attention can be given by the parents to the needs of the children and also do thing according to their liking. So nuclear family is the preferred family set up by the new generation.


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